What are the Features of Matua?
- Matua is a male kiwi variety belonging to the genus Actinidia deliciosa and is used as a general pollinator.
- It is the earliest and longest flowering variety.
- It is recommended because the flowering periods are in the same period with other flowers.
- Matua can bloom abundantly and give enough pollen.
- Its flowers are white and it develops very strongly.
- Matua is a very productive and high quality variety that is widely preferred and cultivated.
- The number of flowers is higher than other varieties.
- The shoots of the Matua grow lush and strong.
- It is not resistant to cold and the need for chilling is between 100 and 150 hours.
What are Soil and Climate Conditions of Matua?
Since kiwi vines are generally fringe and outcrop rooted, they show successful development in drained, light and deep soils. In clayey, heavy, water-retaining and high groundwater soils, the result is not considered positive. It grows well in acidic soils. Soil pH should preferably be between 5.5 and 7.0. There should be at most 8% lime in the soil. The results are observed positively in soils rich in organic matter. If we come to the climatic conditions of kiwi, the regions where kiwi cultivation can be done are generally warm in winters and hot and humid in summers. It requires 240-260 days of frost-free development period from the awakening of the eyes to the fall of the leaves. If we need to pay special attention, shoots can be damaged in late spring frosts. At 1–2 ºC, flower buds and young shoots may be damaged.
How to Grow for Matua?
Irrigation may be required between June and September depending on the precipitation situation in the Matua, except for the Eastern Black Sea Region. During this period, irrigation can vary between about 2-7 days. Water is dripping in very important regions; In other regions, it is more appropriate to give it with under-hanging sprinkler systems.
If we look at the soil conditions of the Matua, the roots will be exposed and the soil will be constantly moist, so soil cultivation is not done or it is done in a very exposed way. In most gardens, the interrows are grassy, and the weeds on the rows are controlled with pesticides.